Select Hawkins Miscellany
- The Hawkins of Nash Court
- The Hawkins of Trewithen
- Sir John Hawkins and His Descendants
- Thomas Hawkins' Windmill at Bathurst
- Benjamin and Rebecca Hawkins
- True Women by Janice Woods Windle
- Hawkins is Coming
The Hawkins of Nash Court
In the reign of Edward III Andrew Hawkins married an heiress, Joan de Nash, and the Hawkins came into possession of Nash Court near Faversham in Kent. His line continued down to Thomas Hawkins of Nash who, dying in 1588, was buried with his wife in the north chancel of Boughton church. On a tomb of Bethersden marble lay his figure in brass with the following inscription:
The Hawkins family was and remained a Catholic family. In 1715, during the ferment at the time of the rebellion in Scotland, Nash Court was plundered by the locals.
The Hawkins of Trewithen
John Hawkins was the first member of the Hawkins family
to move to Cornwall. Originally a courier to Henry VIII, he
decided to leave Nash Court in 1554 to escape the turmoil of a
rebellion against the Catholic Queen Mary. He settled at
Trewinnard near St. Erth, married and established a maritime trading
business through Mevagissey which thrived for many years.
It was Phillip Hawkins who established the Hawkins
dynasty at Trewithen. He was a wealthy attorney and landowner
when he bought Trewithen in 1715. He commissioned the London
architect Thomas Edwards to rebuild the house and lay out the
park. When he died childless, the estate passed to his nephew
Thomas Hawkins (whose parents lived at Trewinnard), thereby uniting the
two branches of the Hawkins family in Cornwall.
Thomas fell in love with Anne Heywood, the daughter of a
wealthy cloth merchant and banker in London. She agreed that they could
marry on the proviso that his architect, Sir Robert Taylor, was
commissioned to re-design and embellish Trewithen House. The work
was carried out and, in addition, Thomas had plans drawn up for
landscaping the gardens. Unfortunately Thomas died after having
innoculated himself against smallpox and the estate passed to his
eldest son Christopher.
Although Christopher never married, he did an enormous
amount for both Trewithen and Cornwall during his lifetime. He
opened new tin and copper mines in the area, became involved in clay
mining near St. Austell, and rebuilt the harbor at Pentewan and the
breakwater at St. Ives. Politically, he was Father of the House
of Commons by virtue of the number of "rotten boroughs" that he
Sir John Hawkins and His Descendants
It is a truth universally acknowledged that all Hawkins believe they are descended from the Admiral. And this applies to Hawkins on both sides of the Atlantic. One Hawkins wrote in as follows:
"I have a photocopy of Sir John Hawkins and one of my
maternal great grandfather John P. Hawkins. The resemblance is amazing,
down to moustache and beard. I cannot - at present anyway - claim
descendancy from the famous admiral, but contemplation is very
Mary Hawkins in her 1888 book Plymouth Armada Heroes provided the
first published tree of Hawkins descendants.
More recent works on the Plymouth Hawkins have been:
- James Williamson's 1949 book Hawkins of Plymouth, sub-titled "a new history of Sir John Hawkins and of the other members of his family prominent in Tudor England."
- and Michael Lewis's 1969 book The Hawkins Dynasty: Three Generations of a Tudor Family.
In addition, Alexander Mitton published privately in 1960
Pedigree of the Family of Hawkins of
County Devon. Harvey Coney from Harlow in Essex also
produced Hawkins lineages at about the same time. And there are
many Hawkins family trees on the internet.
Windmill at Bathurst
Thomas Hawkins, his wife and their large family
had arrived in Australia in January 1822 and by April had received, as
free settlers, a grant at Bathurst. And for good measure Thomas
was appointed Commissariat storekeeper.
He immediately set
off there. He crossed the Blue Mountains to Bathurst with his wfe
Elizabeth, his seventy year old mother-in-law, and their eight
children. The trek took eighteen days and they were the first
family of settlers to make the crossing. Elizabeth's account of
the journey has been preserved.
As early settlers
left the coastal plains and moved inland to settle the dry inland areas
they quickly became aware of the lack of surface water and were
dependent on water which collected in rock holes and soaks.
planned a windmill. Construction on this mill, probably utilizing
convict labor, started in mid-1823, when it was reported that:
"Mr. Hawkins of Bathurst is about erecting a wind-mill, upon quite new principles to any heretofore in this colony, in the newly-discovered country of Bathurst. The machinery of this expensive undertaking is several tons in weight and will afford no small difficulty in being conveyed over the mountain."
By 1824 the brick tower windmill, the first on the
western side of the Great Dividing Range, had been completed.
Benjamin and Rebecca Hawkins
Benjamin Hawkins was
the half-Indian son of a Creek woman and the Indian agent Colonel
Benjamin Hawkins. In 1831 he married Rebecca McIntosh, the
daughter of the half-Scottish chief of the Creeks. Benjamin then became
acquainted with Sam Houston and, two years later, he and Rebecca
migrated to East Texas where Hawkins engaged in a number of land
transactions and other dealings with Houston. Hawkins was
reportedly involved in an attempt to purchase land for the settlement
of "a large body in Indians from the United States," the rumor of which
raised fear and anger in the Anglo-American citizenry.
Hawkins may have been
present with Houston at the Battle of San Jacinto, but did not live to
see the new Republic of Texas flourish. Sometime in 1836 he was
murdered, perhaps as a result of the ongoing conflict between the
Indians and the other settlers. Rebecca and their two daughters
inherited his property.
Rebecca married Spire
Hagerty soon after but the marriage was not successful. From the
date of her final separation from Hagerty, probably in 1848, Rebecca
managed two plantations, Refuge in Marion county and Phoenix in
Harrison county, as well as her own household. The principal cash
crop was cotton. Shipped down the Red river to the Mississippi,
the cotton and cattle hides were sold in New Orleans. Sometimes
Rebecca herself would make the trip. She was the only woman in
Texas owning more than 100 slaves in 1860.
True Women by Janice Woods Windle
Author Windle started out with the intention of compiling family recipes as a wedding gift for her son and bride-to-be in 1985. But as she pored over piles of recipes, letters, and diaries, she pieced together a fascinating story. Not long after presenting her son with the recipe book, she borrowed it from him so that she could use it while writing True Women, her novel chronicling the lives of three generations of her family in Texas.
The novel tells the story of two dynastic families in Texas, the Kings and the Woodses. Georgia Lawshe Woods was in fact the grand-daughter of Benjamin Hawkins, the Indian agent of George Washington and after whom Fort Hawkins in Macon, Georgia is named. His daughter Cherokee Hawkins had married the well-known Indian fighter Lewis Lawshe.
Georgia Lawshe, a victim of prejudice because she was rumored to be part Creek Indian, married the physician Peter Woods. She it was who risked her plantation by running the Yankee cotton blockade during the Civil War. She had to defend herself and kill a vicious Yankee soldier who had entered her home.
True Women was made into a TV mini-series in 1997 starring Angelica Jolie. One critic described the offering as Gone With The Wind, Texas-style.
Hawkins is Coming
The Baltimore Sun sought to found out the origin of the term.
This was one reader's comment:
Another elaborated more:
This idea is strengthened by what my wife tells me. She is English and spent her early years in Devon and South Wales and she says that Hawkins was frequently mentioned when the wind was particularly nippy."
The next contributor also gave an English explanation:
The Baltimore Sun concluded: "The origin of the name is a mystery, but one thing is certain: it didn't originate in Chicago."